Stresses describing bending initiated by loading acting perpendicular to the plane of plate, thermal actions etc.
Option 
Action 
Calculation 
Interpretation 
Normal stress is acting the plane perpendicular to the local axis X’ [N/mm2] 
Normal stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component:
Normal stress due to bending moment component:
2DPlate package specific (bending only):
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state):



Normal stress is acting the plane perpendicular to the local axis Y’ [N/mm2] 
Normal stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component:
Normal stress due to bending moment component: _{}
2DPlate package specific (bending only): _{}
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state):



Shear stress τ_{xy} [N/mm2]. Reading rule: shear stress τ_{xy} on the local Y’ axis is making shear on the plane is perpendicular to the local X’ axis 
Shear stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component (plane stress state):
Shear stress due to bending moment component (bending only): ^{}
2DPlate package specific (bending only): _{}
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state):



Principle stress σ_{1} [N/mm2]. Reading rule: Principal stress on the local 1’axis is acting the cut perpendicular to the local 1’ axis. Local 1’ axis (perpendicular to local 2’ axis) is representing rotated X’ axis where shear stress τ_{xy} = τ_{yx} vanishes 
Calculated using normal and shear stresses as:



Principle stress σ_{2} [N/mm2]. Reading rule: Principal stress on the local 2’axis is acting the cut perpendicular to the local 2’ axis. Local 2’ axis (perpendicular to local 1’ axis) is representing rotated Y’ axis where shear stress τ_{xy} = τ_{yx} vanishes 
Calculated using normal and shear stresses as: 


Shear stress τ_{xz} [N/mm2] Reading rule: shear stress flow in local Z’ direction is acting the cut is perpendicular to the local X’ axis 
Shear stress due to shear force component 2DPlate package specific (bending only):
2DWall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state): 

Shear stress τ_{yz} [N/mm2] Reading rule: shear stress flow in local Z’ direction is acting the cut is perpendicular to the local Y’ axis 
Shear stress due to shear force component 2DPlate package specific (bending only):
2DWall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state): 

Combined shear stress τ_{1} [N/mm2] 
2DPlate package specific (bending only):
2DWall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state): 


von Mises failure criteria σ_{c} [N/mm2] 
Is calculated using principle stresses for 3D problem:
Is calculated using principle stresses for 2D problem:
Is calculated using cartesian stresses for 3D problem:
Is calculated using cartesian stresses for 2D problem: 
For a plane problem:

Combined stress (shear stress + normal stress) [N/mm2] 
2DPlate package specific (bending only)
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state) 


Combined stress (shear stress + normal stress) [N/mm2] 
2DPlate package specific (bending only)
2DWall package specific (bending + plane stress state) 
