# Stresses

All the values for the result part are calculated and represented in local coordinate system

Stresses describing bending initiated by loading acting perpendicular to the plane of plate, thermal actions etc.

 Option Action Calculation Interpretation Normal stress is acting the plane perpendicular to the local axis X’ [N/mm2] Normal stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component: Normal stress due to bending moment component: 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):     Normal stress is acting the plane perpendicular to the local axis Y’ [N/mm2] Normal stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component: Normal stress due to bending moment component: 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):     Shear stress τxy  [N/mm2]. Reading rule: shear stress τxy on the local Y’ axis is making shear on the plane is perpendicular to the local X’ axis Shear stress due to plane axial force component as a plane stresses state component (plane stress state): Shear stress due to bending moment component (bending only): 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):     Principle stress σ1  [N/mm2]. Reading rule: Principal stress on the local 1’-axis is acting the cut perpendicular to the local 1’ axis. Local  1’ axis (perpendicular to local  2’ axis) is representing rotated X’ axis where shear stress  τxy = τyx  vanishes Calculated using normal and shear stresses as:    Principle stress σ2  [N/mm2]. Reading rule: Principal stress on the local 2’-axis is acting the cut perpendicular to the local 2’ axis. Local  2’ axis (perpendicular to local  1’ axis) is representing rotated Y’ axis where shear stress  τxy = τyx  vanishes Calculated using normal and shear stresses as:    Shear stress τxz  [N/mm2] Reading rule: shear stress flow in local Z’ direction is acting the cut is perpendicular to the local X’  axis Shear stress due to shear force component 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available   2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):   Shear stress τyz  [N/mm2] Reading rule: shear stress flow in local Z’ direction is acting the cut is perpendicular to the local Y’  axis Shear stress due to shear force component 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available   2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):   Combined shear stress τ1  [N/mm2] 2D-Plate package specific (bending only): 2D-Wall package specific (plane stress state): No results are available   2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state):   von Mises failure criteria σc  [N/mm2] Is calculated using principle stresses for 3D problem: Is calculated using principle stresses for 2D problem: Is calculated using cartesian stresses for 3D problem: Is calculated using cartesian stresses for 2D problem: For a plane problem:  Combined stress (shear stress + normal stress) [N/mm2] 2D-Plate package specific (bending only)   2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state)   Combined stress (shear stress + normal stress) [N/mm2] 2D-Plate package specific (bending only)   2D-Wall package specific (bending + plane stress state)  